The heroic and charming city of Tacna offers a variety of historical cultural attractions that will introduce you to Peru through its cultural richness and its love and identification with the homeland.
|1- Historical House Zela|
2- Municipal Theater
3- Former Municipal Palace
4- Civic Walk
5- Parabolic Arc
6- Legal House
|7- Ornamental Fontana|
8- Cathedral of Tacna
9- Bolognesi Avenue
10- Locomotive Park
11- Railway Museum
12- Alto de la Alianz
We began the journey in the HISTORICAL HOUSE OF ZELA, where the independence hero Francisco Antonio De Zela and Arizaga died, who on June 20, 1811, gave the first cry of freedom on the coasts of Peru, 10 years before being proclaimed. Independence of Peru. This is a typical house from the 18th century, its main façade is made entirely of quarry stone and large internal patios that show the elegance of the ancient families that inhabited Tacna.
We leave the historic residence and continue the journey up Zela Street, making a brief stop at the VIGIL PASSAGE, on the corner of which is the FAMOUS LEGAL CASONA, a place of famous significance since it was the scene of the signing of the Tacna Delivery Act to Peru, on August 28, 1929. Inside it houses the Museum of Reincorporation, the Pinacoteca de Tacna and the departmental historical archives.
Following the course of our journey we arrive at the passage Calderón de la Barca, whose name is given in memory of the first constitutional mayor of Tacna, here we find the TACNA MUNICIPAL THEATER considered one of the most beautiful of the Pacific coast in the 19th century . It was built in 1870 by the Spanish engineer Constantino Martínez del Pino. It is a symbol of the culture of the people of Tacna that did not count then with more than 8 thousand inhabitants, appreciated the richest expressions of theater and opera of that time.
We return by the Vigil Passage, which was built by the Tacneños in memory of the most illustrious son of Tacna, Francisco de Paula Gonzales Vigil; we go down the street San Martin that with its mansions provide a bohemian and harmonious air and then continue with the tour of the CÍVICO PASEO, located in the heart of the city, at the beginning of this we can appreciate an allegory to the Tacneña Woman in tribute to his heroism. THE CÍVICO WALK is adorned with beautiful and well-kept gardens; In this place the ceremony of renewal of loyalty to the flag takes place every Sunday, in which authorities, armed forces, school delegations and the general public participate. It is an act of deep patriotic content.
Next is the PARABOLIC ARCH, built in stone quarry that has as jealous guardians and paradigms of Peruvianness to the heroes of the Pacific War: Admiral Miguel Grau and Colonel Francisco Bolognesi. In the front part of the same one the votive flame is located, that is ignited in occasions of patriotic commemoration.
We continue and we find in the center of the old Plaza de Armas the beautiful ORNAMENTAL PILA, declared a Historic Monument, Built in bronze last century and brought from Brussels by the English Simpson foundry was given to Tacna by President José Balta; Which for the long space of a hundred years, is a valuable artistic treasure, not only for the inhabitants of the city, but also for tourists who come from other parts of the country and from distant lands. The Ornamental Stack has 6 meters. of height, it is on a granite base and has 4 statues that symbolize the four seasons of the year. The group is completed by an anchor, an oar, a bale, anchor lines and the rudder of the boat, symbols of commerce, industry and navigation.
The route takes us through the traditional bougainvillea boulevard; typical flower of the city, towards the imposing and majestic TACNA CATHEDRAL, it is a monumental work, at the same time, an artistic work of religious and ornamental interest.
Of neo-Renaissance style that was designed by the French firm of Alejandro Gustave Eiffel, also built in quarry stone extracted from the slopes of the Intiorco hill, inside the cathedral we find the Virgin of the Rosary; Patron of the City of Tacna.
The circuit continues along the most picturesque avenue in Tacna, known as ALAMEDA BOLOGNESI, through whose center the Caplina River runs underground. It has an area of approximately 20 blocks, at the end of which the Old Valley begins, which includes the districts of Pocollay, Calana, Pachía and the hot springs of Calientes. Throughout this Avenue you can appreciate centenary palm trees, beautiful flowers and romantic gazebos.
We continue to the PARK OF THE LOCOMOTIVE, where the centennial Locomotive No. 3 is exhibited; that was used to transport the troops of the soldiers who came in defense of the Peruvianness This locomotive will open the way for us to arrive by the railway line to the Railway Museum of Tacna. THE RAILWAY MUSEUM is a jewel unique in its kind on the Pacific coast, built as a station of the Tacna – Arica Railway and thus, after More than a century is preserved in good condition. More than 90% of the pieces it preserves are original. The turntable is worth observing. In it we find several rooms dedicated to show pieces of other railroads in the country, including those of the Central Railroad, the highest in Peru. THE RAILWAY TACNA ARICA, was the third built in South America and the longest in its time. He is a faithful witness of Tacna life. The departure of the train to Arica in the morning and its arrival in the afternoon, marked the rhythm of the city life of that time. To finish this circuit, we went to the outskirts of the city, where we will find the HOLY FIELD OF ALTO DE LA ALLIANCE, located to the north – west of Cerro Intiorko, at a distance of 8 km from the city. This complex was erected as a tribute to the Peruvian and Bolivian soldiers, who defended with their lives the territorial integrity on May 26, 1880, in the Battle of the Alto de la Alianza.The Site Museum has a circular shape, inside which you can see the objects found on the battlefield .
Thus we finish the historic tour of the Hercuic City of Tacna.