8 April, 2024

Discovering the City of Cusco: A complete Tourist Guide in Cusco

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Why visit Cusco? Discover the magic of this Peruvian gem

complete Tourist Guide in Cusco

Cusco, a city lost in time among the majestic mountains of the Peruvian Andes, is not only a tourist destination, but an experience that transforms the soul of those who visit it. With its rich history, impressive architecture and vibrant culture, Cusco offers a unique mix of traditional charm and modernity that makes it a must-see place for any traveler eager to discover new horizons. Why visit Cusco? Here we tell you.

Incomparable History

As the ancient capital of the Inca Empire, Cusco is steeped in history in every corner. From the Inca ruins that stand majestically on the outskirts of the city to the magnificent colonial temples built on their foundations, each stone tells a story of grandeur and resilience. Walking through its cobbled streets is like going back in time, while the echo of footsteps whispers to us of the greatness of a lost civilization.

Stunning Architecture

Cusco’s architecture is a unique blend of Inca and colonial influences, which intertwine to create a truly stunning urban landscape. From the perfectly assembled stone walls of Sacsayhuamán to the elegant baroque churches of the Plaza de Armas, each building tells a story of conquest and adaptation. There is nothing like contemplating the magnificence of these structures as the sun sets over the mountains, coloring the sky in shades of gold and pink.

Dazzling Nature

Surrounded by spectacular landscapes, Cusco is the perfect starting point to explore the natural beauty of the Peruvian Andes. From the mountain range’s snow-capped peaks to fertile valleys and deep canyons, there are endless natural wonders to discover. Whether you prefer hiking along ancient Inca trails, practicing adventure sports on the Urubamba River or simply enjoying a relaxing day in the Sacred Valley, Cusco has something for all nature lovers.

Vibrant Culture

Cusco’s culture is as diverse and colorful as its landscapes. From traditional celebrations that fill the streets with music and dance to religious festivities that honor the Inca gods, there is always something exciting happening in the city. Don’t miss the opportunity to immerse yourself in the local culture, trying delicious Cusco cuisine, exploring traditional markets or participating in one of the many cultural activities offered in the city.

Explore the Wonder of the Andes: The Tourist Attractions of Cusco

complete Tourist Guide in Cusco

From the imposing ruins of Machu Picchu to the cobblestone streets of colonial Cusco, this city offers an incomparable tourist experience that captivates all who are lucky enough to visit it. With its rich history, stunning architecture and natural beauty, Cusco is truly a destination that leaves a lasting impression in the hearts and minds of all its visitors. So don’t wait any longer, come and discover the wonder of the Andes in Cusco!

Machu Picchu: The Lost City of the Incas

Without a doubt, the most famous tourist attraction in Cusco is the legendary citadel of Machu Picchu. Located high on a mountain, this ancient Inca city is a masterpiece of architecture and engineering, with agricultural terraces, temples and palaces that blend harmoniously with the surrounding landscape. Whether you choose to walk the Inca Trail or take the train from the city of Aguas Calientes, Machu Picchu is an experience not to be missed.

The Sacred Valley of the Incas

The Sacred Valley, stretching between Cusco and Machu Picchu, is a region of stunning natural beauty and significant historical importance. Here, you will find a series of ancient Incan ruins, picturesque villages and traditional markets that offer a unique insight into life in the Peruvian Andes. Some of the highlights include the agricultural terraces of Moray, the salt mines of Maras and the ruins of Ollantaytambo.

The Plaza de Armas of Cusco

In the heart of the city of Cusco is the Plaza de Armas, a place full of history and activity. Surrounded by majestic colonial churches and elegant buildings, this square is the perfect meeting point for locals and tourists alike. Here, you can enjoy a stunning view of the Cusco Cathedral and the Church of the Company of Jesus, as well as explore the numerous restaurants, shops, and museums that surround the square.

Sacsayhuamán: The Inca Fortress

Located on the outskirts of the city, Sacsayhuamán is an imposing Inca fortress that leaves visitors breathless with its magnificent architecture and panoramic views. Built from enormous, perfectly fitted stone blocks, this impressive structure is a testament to the ingenuity and skill of the ancient inhabitants of Cusco. In addition to exploring the ruins, visitors can enjoy activities such as hiking, rock climbing, and bird watching around the fort.

The Qorikancha: Temple of the Sun

The Qorikancha, also known as the Temple of the Sun, was the most important temple of the Inca Empire. Built from finely carved stone blocks and decorated with elaborate works of art, this sacred site is a window to the glorious past of the Inca civilization. Although much of the structure was destroyed during the Spanish conquest, you can still see the impressive remains that remain, as well as the magnificent Convent of Santo Domingo that was built on its foundations.

How to get to Cusco? Guide for Intrepid Travelers

complete Tourist Guide in Cusco

Getting to Cusco can be an exciting adventure, no matter where you come from. Whether you choose to fly, travel by land, or take the train, you’ll be on your way to discovering the magic and wonder of this enchanting city nestled high in the Peruvian Andes. Get ready for an unforgettable experience in Cusco!

By air:

From Lima: The most common way to get to Cusco from the Peruvian capital is through a direct flight from the Jorge Chávez International Airport in Lima. Several airlines offer daily flights to the Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport in Cusco, with an approximate duration of 1 hour and 20 minutes.

From other international cities: If you are arriving from outside Peru, you will likely have to make a stopover at Jorge Chávez International Airport in Lima before taking a flight to Cusco. Many airlines offer direct or stopover flights from important cities such as Miami, Santiago, Bogotá, Mexico City, among others.

By land:

From Lima: If you prefer a more adventurous and economical option, you can also reach Cusco by land from Lima. There are buses and land transportation services that offer long trips (approximately 22 hours) from Lima to Cusco. However, please note that this trip can be exhausting and is not recommended for all travelers.

From other Peruvian cities: If you are traveling from other Peruvian cities such as Arequipa, Puno or Puerto Maldonado, there are also land transportation options to get to Cusco. Buses and vans are the most common means and offer a variety of schedules and prices to suit your needs.

By rail:

From Ollantaytambo: Another popular way to get to Cusco is to take the train from the city of Ollantaytambo, located in the Sacred Valley. This option is ideal for those who want to combine their trip to Cusco with a visit to Machu Picchu, since Ollantaytambo is one of the closest starting points to the famous Inca citadel.

By land from the city of Puno:

If you are in the city of Puno, located next to Lake Titicaca, you can get to Cusco on a bus trip that lasts approximately 6 to 8 hours. This trip will take you through stunning landscapes in the Peruvian Andes and will allow you to make stops at places of interest such as Raqchi, Andahuaylillas and Sicuani.

Discovering Cusco: Important Facts You Should Know

Cusco, a magical city full of history nestled in the mountains of the Peruvian Andes, is a destination that awakens the curiosity and amazement of millions of visitors every year. With a rich cultural heritage dating back to the time of the Incas and impressive architecture that fuses Inca grandeur with Spanish colonial elegance, Cusco is much more than just a tourist destination: it is a place that captivates hearts and awakens the mind. adventurous spirit of those who visit it. Here, we present some important facts that will help you understand and appreciate the greatness of Cusco even more:

Capital of the Inca Empire:

In recognition of its historical and cultural importance, Cusco has been designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. This distinction is due to the impressive colonial architecture and Inca archaeological sites found in and around the city, including the famous citadel of Machu Picchu.

World Heritage:

In recognition of its historical and cultural importance, Cusco has been designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. This distinction is due to the impressive colonial architecture and Inca archaeological sites found in and around the city, including the famous citadel of Machu Picchu.

Inti Raymi Festival:

One of the most important celebrations in Cusco is the Inti Raymi Festival, which is celebrated every year on June 24 to pay tribute to the Inca sun god, Inti. This colorful festival filled with music and dance attracts visitors from all over the world and is a unique opportunity to experience Inca culture in all its splendor.


Cusco is located at an altitude of approximately 3,400 meters above sea level, making it one of the highest cities in the world. For those who are not accustomed to altitude, it is important to take your time to acclimatize and avoid altitude sickness.

Inca and Colonial Architecture:

One of the most distinctive features of Cusco is its impressive architecture, which combines the grandeur of Inca buildings with the elegance of Spanish colonial structures. Places such as the Plaza de Armas, the Cusco Cathedral and the Qorikancha are outstanding examples of this unique fusion of architectural styles.

Cusco Gastronomy:

The gastronomy of Cusco is a delight for the senses, with a variety of delicious dishes that reflect the cultural diversity of the region. Some typical dishes you must try include guinea pig, pachamanca, rocoto stuffed and the famous Peruvian ceviche.

Access to Machu Picchu:

Cusco serves as a starting point to visit one of the wonders of the modern world: the citadel of Machu Picchu. Through various routes such as the Inca Trail, the train or bus from Aguas Calientes, visitors can reach this iconic citadel and marvel at its majesty and mystery.

Discovering the Location of Cusco: A Hidden Treasure in the Peruvian Andes

Cusco’s location in the Peruvian Andes is one of the reasons why this city is so special and unique. With its fascinating history, its rich culture and its proximity to the wonder of Machu Picchu, Cusco is a destination that deserves to be explored and admired by all those seeking adventure, history and natural beauty in one place.

Geographic location:

Cusco is located in the southeast of Peru, in the region known as the southern mountains of the country. It is located at an altitude of approximately 3,400 meters above sea level, making it one of the highest cities in the world. This privileged location gives it a cool and temperate climate for most of the year, with sunny days and cool nights, ideal for exploring its cobbled streets and ancient ruins.

Historic context:

Historically, Cusco was the capital of the Inca Empire, one of the largest and most powerful civilizations in South America. Located in the Huatanay Valley, the city was founded by the Inca emperor Manco Cápac in the 13th century and became the political, religious and cultural center of the empire. From here, the Incas ruled a vast territory stretching from southern Colombia to northern Argentina.

Cultural Importance:

Cusco’s location in the heart of the Peruvian Andes gives it a unique cultural importance. The city is known for its impressive architecture, which combines the grandeur of Inca buildings with the elegance of Spanish colonial structures. Places such as the Plaza de Armas, the Cathedral of Cusco and the Qorikancha are witnesses of this rich cultural heritage that is still preserved in the city.

Tips and Recommendations to Overcome Altitude Sickness in Cusco

complete Tourist Guide in Cusco

Cusco, located at an altitude of approximately 3,400 meters above sea level, is a magical city full of history nestled in the majestic mountains of the Peruvian Andes. However, its high altitude can present challenges for those not accustomed to the lack of oxygen in the highland air. That is why it is important to take precautions and follow some recommendations to prevent and cope with altitude sickness during your visit to Cusco. Here we offer you some useful tips:

Gradual acclimatization:

  • It is advisable to arrive in Cusco at least a day in advance to allow your body to acclimatize to the altitude. During the first days, avoid intense physical exertion and rest as much as necessary.
  • If possible, plan to ascend gradually to higher altitudes rather than abruptly. For example, you can visit lower altitude places in the Sacred Valley before climbing Machu Picchu.

Adequate hydration:

  • Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated and compensate for the fluid loss that occurs at higher altitudes. Avoid alcohol and caffeine, as they can dehydrate you even more.
  • Consider drinking hot drinks such as coca tea, a traditional infusion that is believed to help relieve symptoms of altitude sickness.

Healthy diet:

  • Eat light, easily digestible foods, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins. Avoid heavy, fatty foods, which can be difficult to digest at high altitudes.
  • Incorporate iron-rich foods into your diet, such as red meat, spinach and legumes, to help your body produce more red blood cells and improve blood oxygenation.

Adequate rest:

  • Make sure you get enough sleep at night to allow your body to recover and adapt to the altitude. If you experience difficulty sleeping, try elevating your upper body slightly with pillows to make breathing easier.
  • If you feel like you need to rest during the day, don’t hesitate to take short naps to recharge your batteries and combat fatigue.

Medications and supplements:

  • Consider carrying medications for altitude sickness, such as acetazolamide or ibuprofen, under the recommendation of a doctor. These can help relieve symptoms such as headache and nausea.
  • Some people also find portable oxygen supplements helpful in temporarily relieving the symptoms of altitude sickness.

Recognize the alarm symptoms:

  • Familiarize yourself with the symptoms of altitude sickness, which can include persistent headache, shortness of breath, nausea, dizziness, and extreme fatigue.
  • If you experience severe or persistent symptoms, seek medical attention immediately. Altitude sickness can be potentially dangerous and it is important not to ignore serious symptoms..

Discover Cusco: Activities to Enjoy in your Free Time

Cusco offers an endless variety of activities to enjoy in your free time, from exploring the city’s history and culture to venturing into the surrounding nature and enjoying the vibrant nightlife. No matter what your interests and passions, you will find something exciting to do in this fascinating city in the Peruvian Andes. So get out and discover everything Cusco has to offer!

Explore the Old City:

  • Take time to wander the picturesque cobblestone streets of Cusco’s historic center, where you’ll find a fascinating mix of Spanish colonial architecture and Inca influences.
  • Visit emblematic places such as the Plaza de Armas, the Cathedral of Cusco, the Qorikancha and the Church of Santo Domingo, where you can immerse yourself in the rich history and culture of the city.

Try Local Gastronomy:

  • Don’t miss the opportunity to taste the delicious Cusco cuisine in one of the local restaurants and cafes. Try traditional dishes such as guinea pig, stuffed rocoto, lomo saltado and the famous Peruvian ceviche.
  • Explore colorful local markets, such as Mercado San Pedro, where you can enjoy a wide variety of fresh produce, exotic fruits and culinary delights.

Visit Archaeological Sites:

  • Take advantage of your free time to explore some of the impressive archaeological sites located on the outskirts of Cusco. Places like Sacsayhuamán, Pisac, Moray and Ollantaytambo offer a fascinating insight into the ancient Inca civilization.
  • Consider taking a guided tour to learn more about the history and significance of these archaeological sites and enjoy spectacular panoramic views of the surrounding landscapes.

Hiking and Trekking:

  • If you are a lover of nature and adventure, Cusco is the perfect place for hiking and trekking. From short, easy routes to multi-day hikes, there are options for all skill and fitness levels.
  • Some of the most popular routes include the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu, the hike to Humantay Lagoon, the Sacred Valley and the Mountain of Seven Colors (Vinicunca), where you can enjoy impressive landscapes and unforgettable experiences.

Enjoy Nightlife:

  • At night, Cusco comes alive with a lively nightlife full of bars, clubs and pubs. Head to Plateros Street or Plaza de Armas to enjoy live music, dance, and local drinks.
  • Don’t miss the opportunity to try the famous Peruvian cocktail, the Pisco Sour, or some of the local craft beers while socializing with locals and other travelers.


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